The Kaibutsu Ehon ("Illustrated Book of Monsters") is an 1881 book featuring woodblock prints of yōkai, or creatures from Japanese folklore. Illustrated by painter Nabeta Gyokuei, the book is modeled after the influential works of Toriyama Sekien, an 18th-century scholar and ukiyo-e artist known for his attempt to catalog the many species of yōkai in Japan. Here are 25 monsters from the book.

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Mikoshi-nyūdō -- Monk-like creature that grows taller the more you look at it

Yokai from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Nue -- Chimera-like bringer of misfortune that can fly and morph into a dark cloud

Youkai from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Futsukeshibaba (a.k.a. Hikeshibaba) -- Mysterious old woman in white who extinguishes lanterns

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Kasha -- Cat-like demon that descends from the sky to feed on corpses before cremation

Yokai from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Noderabō -- Strange creature standing near a temple bell

Youkai from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Waraime (a.k.a. Kerakera-onna) -- Giant cackling woman

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Daibutsu-kaibutsu -- Mysterious pile of crumbling skulls

Yokai from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Ubagabi -- Fiery ghost of old woman encountered along the Hozu River in Kyoto

Youkai from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Yamao -- One-eyed mountain creature (possibly related to the yama-waro of Kyushu)

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Nyūnaisuzume -- Sparrows flying from the mouth of exiled poet Fujiwara no Sanekata

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Buruburu -- Forest-dwelling ghost that causes victims to shiver violently

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Aoi no Ue -- Character from The Tale of Genji who suffers episodes of spirit possession

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Nekomata -- Fork-tailed cat with a host of supernatural abilities

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Umizatō -- Blind lute player who walks on the sea

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Shuten Dōji -- Fearsome oni known for kidnapping, enslaving and devouring young Kyoto maidens

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
YÅ«rei -- Ghost

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Ubume -- Ghost of woman who died during childbirth

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Raigō -- 11th-century monk reborn as a giant book-eating rat (a.k.a. Tesso - "Iron Rat")

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Hitotsume-bōzu -- Monk with cyclopean eye

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Shiriyau (a.k.a. Shiryō) -- Spirit of the dead

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Tanuki-bō -- A monk who turned into a tanuki

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Sōgenbi -- Fiery ghost of oil-thieving monk (based on Kyoto legend)

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Teratsutsuki -- Mononobe no Moriya's resentment turns into a woodpecker

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Tengu -- Bird-like demon

Monster from Kaibutsu Ehon --
Yanari -- Little demons that produce the creaking sounds heard in old houses

[Link: Kaibutsu Ehon]