Osamu Tezuka's "Galaxy Boy Troop," a 92-episode children's space opera that aired on NHK from 1963 to 1965, featured a unique blend of animation (Mushi Production) and puppetry (Takeda Puppet Troupe). The series also aired in France, where it was known as "Le Commando De La Voie Lactee" (lit. "Commando Of The Milky Way"). The original Japanese masters and films are believed to have been lost or destroyed, and the few known surviving fragments are from French sources. (Watch a clip.)
In this story, aliens on the dark side of the moon have begun bombing Earth, and the crew of heroes -- led by Commander Rop & Mister 6 (his intelligent computerized transport vehicle) -- go to the moon to find and destroy their lunar base. The musical score is by renowned electronic music composer Isao Tomita.